Evidence pyramids are amongst the most recognisable artefacts of the Evidence-Based Medicine movement. Yet no study has established the origins of evidence pyramids, or analysed whether they offer any information beyond simple lists or tables. In this paper, I establish the origins of the first evidence pyramid and argue that the pyramidal turn is a retrograde step in evidence appraisal.
A recent study by Gao et al. (2022) validates the warning of ‘Machine Evidence’ (Blunt, 2019) that language models would soon become capable of beating detection attempts by human peer reviewers. This piece looks at the near-term steps that journal editors and conference organisers can take to prevent AI-generated abstracts bypassing their screening processes, along with a warning for the long-term viability of those strategies.
Can a new iteration of GPT-3 write pop songs, raps and limericks…about Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative? It is a moral duty to find out.
Does the ranking of a UK university in league tables affect its reputation and name recognition? Using a novel data source from an online quiz, this research explores the complex relationship between league table rank and identifiability of universities.
The Machine Scientists – Giovanni Borelli, Jan Swammerdam and Niels Steensen – followed Rene Descartes in modelling the human body mechanically. The scientific success of this ‘iatrophysical’ programme, replete with rejected entities such as ‘Animal Spirits’, poses a problem for Scientific Realism. Using Psillos’ moderate realism, this paper attempts to reconcile a selective realist position with the historical record.
Can DALL·E 2 create images of ancient philosophers like Plato, Aristotle and Immanuel Kant as they’d look in modern day universities? Sort of. Should it? Definitely not.
Would you choose a black box AI surgeon with a 90% success rate over a human surgeon with 80% success? The answer exposes a fundamental and harmful assumption within dominant models of medical evidence.
DALLE 2 offers a far more powerful image generation AI than the popular open access ‘Craiyon’/’DALLE Mini’ model. How does DALLE 2 compare to DALLE Mini’s visions of hierarchies and pyramids of evidence?
How does a machine learning algorithm picture hierarchies of evidence and evidence-based medicine – and what do these visions of evidence remind us of the way we understand, order and assemble the information we use to guide clinical practice?
What was the first evidence pyramid? A deep dive into the murky history of this novel way to present an evidence hierarchy reveals a significantly earlier origin that previously presumed.